Your heart is making blood flow through your arteries and into your organs and muscles. Your blood pressure is the blood pressure in these arteries. It is recorded as two figures, the upper part is the systolic, and the lower is diastolic. High blood pressure, hypertension, is when there is too much pressure because the heart pumps too hard. Imagine it as water flowing through a garden hose, if you restrict that to somehow there is too much pressure on the hose, if there is, the hose could explode. The organs involved in the regulation of hypertension include the brain, the liver, the kidneys, the adrenal acorns, the thyroid gland, the heart, the arteries, the enzymes and the endocrine system. The imbalance in any of these organs.
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is defined as a consistently high blood pressure that exceeds 140/90 mm Hg. It affects millions of people every year, including children and adolescents. It’s called the silent killer because of its symptoms. Uncontrolled or poorly controlled blood pressure, the cause of arteriosclerosis and, ultimately, the cause of heart attacks and strokes. One of the main problems with hypertension is that there are rarely symptoms. That is why it is well-known as “silent killer”. It is recommended that you periodically monitor your blood pressure, especially if you are getting older.
There are three general types of hypertension, these are:
Primary hypertension: this is the type of hypertension that is not easy to identify.
Secondary hypertension: with this type of hypertension, a specific condition causes hypertension.
Malignant hypertension: this type of hypertension is the most serious type. This is the most severe type of hypertension because of the blood pressure of 210/120 mm Hg. You may experience high blood pressure.
What causes hypertension?
There are a variety of causes of hypertension and your lifestyle can also get worse, these are the causes of hypertension:
– High salt intake
– Smoking cigarettes
– Consumption of alcohol
For the secondary type of hypertension, these are the things that could cause it
– Hyperactive adrenal tassels and other problems in the endocrine system
– Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism
– Sleep apnea
– Kidney diseases
– Renal artery stenosis
– Age (a man at the age of 45 or a woman at the age of 55 is more likely to have hypertension)
– Insulin resistance
– Contraceptive pills
– Kidney diseases or kidney surgery
– Race (African-Americans have a greater risk of contracting hypertension than other races)
This disease is called “silent killer” because the symptoms are not as bad and you would think for symptoms of high blood pressure. Be aware. Below are some additional symptoms of high blood pressure that you should be aware of:
– Severe headaches
– Always dizzy
– Blurred vision or double vision
– Sensation of drowsiness
– Palpitations of the heart
– Ringing in the ear or tinnitus
– Short of breath
– Urinating frequently, especially during the night
Signs and tests for high blood pressure
Blood pressure is measured more often with a device called a sphygmomanometer, which consists of a stethoscope, a bracelet, a dial, a pump and a valve. A measurement of blood pressure is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Blood pressure is calculated in two ways: systolic and diastolic. The highest number measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats (systolic pressure). The lowest number measures the pressure in your arteries between beats (diastolic pressure).
There are 4 general categories of blood pressure reading, namely:
Normal: <120/80 Prehypertension: 120 -139 of 80-89 Stage 1 HTA: 140-159 of 90-99 Phase 2 HBP: 160 and more than 100 and moreIf you have high blood pressure, your doctor may recommend other tests, such as: -Electrocardiogram (electrocardiogram or electrocardiogram): this test measures electrical activity, heart rate and heart rate with electrodes attached to the arms, legs and chest. The results are recorded on graph paper. -Echocardiogram: This test uses ultrasonic waves to provide images of valves and chambers of the heart. These waves allow the health professional to study the pumping action of the heart. In addition, it is possible to measure the chambers and the thickness of the heart wall.Hypertension is usually treated by changing your lifestyle and using medications.Changes in lifestyle to treat hypertension Changes in lifestyle include a healthy diet (such as the DASH diet, which includes lowering sodium but also daily servings of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain foods), smoking cessation and weight loss. Hypertension is a hidden danger that affects millions of people. If you have been diagnosed with hypertension or high blood pressure, you will have received a lot of medical information about it, but you may have more information about it.
There is a lot of information available on how to treat them and a similar amount of information about their causes. The best information about hypertension is provided by doctors and patients and is:
1. Stress can increase your blood pressure, so try to do things that reduce your stress level:
Stressful situations cannot be totally eliminated from our lives, but knowing what triggers your stress and what stress relief techniques are right for you can help you better manage these situations.
2. Do not treat it as if it were something separate from you:
When you do this, you create a negative balance in your mind and body, this can cause more health problems.
3. Incorporate into your life:
This does not mean you have to accept that you will still have high blood pressure, but if you take a sensible approach to diet, diet and medications that are beneficial to your well-being, you will need to control your blood pressure. your blood pressure.
4. Do not focus on it:
This may seem at odds with what I have already said, but most doctors agree that even if you have to be monitored, thinking about the things that concern you will cause you more stress levels.
5. Find information about your wellbeing:
This will encourage you to take measures that give you an informative guide on your well-being and especially information that will help you incorporate good practices in your life and help you take care of yourself.
These are the main complications of high blood pressure:
-Hypertension increases the risk of coronary heart disease three times. Atherosclerotic heart disease is the number one deadly disease. High blood pressure is the main cause of the sudden collapse and sudden death.
-Hypertension carries a sixfold increased risk of congestive heart failure.
-Hypertension increases the risk of stroke (stroke) seven times. A stroke could be a thrombotic, embolic or hemorrhagic stroke.
-Hypertension is the second leading cause of kidney failure. In this sense, diabetes is only the second.
-Hypertension at least doubles the risk of developing tumours, aneurysms and cancers of all types.
-Hypertensive medications (complications of synthetic drugs) increase the risk of type II diabetes by 11 times.
-Hypertension (hypertensive retinopathy) is also an important cause of vision loss, such as retinal detachment, macular degeneration, and cataracts.
How do I know if I’m at risk?
Although a family history of high blood pressure may increase your risk of high blood pressure, not everyone with high blood pressure has a family. Hypertension is usually “asymptomatic”, most people do not have symptoms as they develop, so blood pressure control should be part of regular medical care. Even for people whose BP reading is in the “acceptable” range, there is a subset of patients – people with diabetes, proteins in their urine, patients with chronic kidney dysfunction or with existing heart problems – where a BP value of 130/80 is considered high because its threshold of internal damage is much lower.
In summary, the battle plan for the treatment of hypertension consists of three key approaches:
-Early detection and intervention.
If hypertension is well managed, complications can be avoided and the average life expectancy of the patient can return to normal. But without proper treatment, complications can reduce the lives of patients. In addition, if a patient aware of his condition takes the necessary preventive action, he is more likely to have a better result than those who do not.